Problems 20-3a problem 22-4a (excel solution)

PROBLEM 20-3A Crystal Company produces large quantities of a standardized product. The following information is available for its production activities for March: Raw materials Beginning inventory $ 26,000 Raw materials purchased (on credit) 255,000 Direct materials used (172,000) Indirect materials used (81,000) Ending inventory $27,000 Factory payroll Direct labor used $207,720 Indirect labor used 50,000 Total payroll cost (paid in cash) $257,720 Factory overhead incurred Indirect materials used $ 81,500 Indirect labor used 50,000 Other overhead costs 159,308 Total factory overhead incurred $290,808 Factory overhead applied (140% of direct labor cost) Total factory overhead applied $290,808 Additional information about units and costs of production activities follows. Units Beginning in process inventory 2,200 Started 30,000 Ending in process inventory 5,900 Status of ending goods in process inventory Materials – percent complete 50% Labor and overhead -percent complete 65% Costs Beginning in process inventory Direct materials $ 3,500 Direct labor 3,225 Factory overhead 4,515 $11,240 Direct materials added 172,000 Direct labor added 207,720 Overhead applied (140% of direct labor) 290,808 Total costs $681,768 Ending in process inventory $82,128 During March, 25,000 units of finished goods are sold for $85 cash each. Cost information regarding finished goods follows. Beginning finished goods inventory $155,000 Cost transferred in 599,640 Cost of goods sold (612,500) Ending finished goods inventory $142,140 Required 1. Prepare journal entries dated March 31 to record the following March activities: (a) raw materials purchases, (b) direct materials usage, (c) indirect materials usage, (d) factory payroll costs, (e) direct labor costs used in production, (f) indirect labor costs, (g) other overhead costs – credit Other accounts, (h) overhead applied, (i) goods transferred to finished goods, (j) sale of finished goods. 2. Prepare a process cost summary report for this company, showing costs charged to production, units cost information, equivalent units of production, cost per EUP, and its cost assignment and reconciliation. Analysis Component 3. The company provides incentives to its department managers by paying monthly bonuses based on their success in controlling costs per equivalent unit of production. Assume that the production department underestimates the percentage of completion for units in ending inventory with the result that its equivalent units of production in ending inventory for March are understated. What impact does this error have on the March bonuses paid to the production managers? What impact, if any, does this error have on April bonuses? Book check: 2. Cost per equivalent unit: materials $6.00; labor $7.00; overhead $9.80.



Teller Co. sold 20,000 units of its only product and incurred a $70,000 loss (ignoring taxes) for the current year as shown here. During a planning session for year 2010’s activities, the production manager notes that variable costs can be reduced 50% by installing a new machine that automates several operations. To obtain these savings, the company must increase its annual fixed costs by $210,000. The maximum output capacity of the company is 40,000 units per year.



Contribution Margin Income Statement

For Year Ended December 31, 2009

Sales                              $1,000,000

Variable costs                   800,000

Contribution margin       $ 200,000

Fixed costs                        270,000

Net loss                         $ (70,000)



1. Compute the break-even point in dollar sales for year 2009.

2. Compute the break-even point in dollar sales for year 2010 assuming the machine is installed and there is no change in unit sales price.

3. Prepare a forecasted contribution margin income statement for 2010 that shows the expected results with the machine installed. Assume that the unit sales price and the number of units sold will not change and no income taxes.

4. Compute the sales level required in both dollars and units to earn $210,000 of after-tax income in 2010 with the machine installed and no change in unit sales price. The income tax rate is 30%. (Hint: Use procedures in Exhibits 22.18 and 22.20.)

5. Prepare a forecasted contribution margin income statement that shows the results at the sales level computed in part (4). Assume an income tax rate of 30%.


Exhibits 22.18: Income relations in CVP Analysis



– Variable costs

Contribution margin

– Fixed costs

Income (pretax)




Book checks:

3. Net income, $120,000

4. Required sales, $1,300,000 or 26,000 units

5. Net income: $210,000





Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Get 15% OFF on your FIRST order. Use the coupon code: new15